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Juniperus (virginiana)

William Skaradek
USDA NRCS - Cape May Plant Materials Center
1536 Route 9 North
Cape May Court House, New Jersey 08210
(609) 465-5901
(609) 465-9284 (fax)

Family Scientific Name: Cupressaceae
Family Common Name: Cypress
Scientific Name: Juniperus virginiana
Common Name: Eastern Redcedar
General Distribution: This small dioecious tree has a deep root system, which allows it to survive the poorest and driest sites throughout most of the U.S. south and east of the Dakotas.
Propagation Goal: seeds
Propagation Method: seed
ProductType: Propagules (seeds, cuttings, poles, etc.)
Time To Grow: 0
Propagule Collection: Collected in the Yosemite National Park.
Propagule Processing: EASE OF COLLECTION: Seed is easy to collect throughout much of the eastern coastal plain.
METHOD OF CLEANING: Prior to storage, cones should be sun dried for one week, run through hammermill, then screened mechanically.
PROPAGATION METHOD: Fall seeding into raised beds of sandy loam, at rate of 3.3 g./sq. feet. Transplants are bare-root. Weed control is by hand; irrigation schedule is 1 inch biweekly.
PERCENT GERMINATION: Data not available at date of publication.
Pre-Planting Treatments: PRETREATMENT USED: 30 to 120 days of cold stratification at 41§F for spring planting.
Growing Area Preparation/
Annual Practices for Perennial Crops:
METHOD OF GROWING: Unique technique: Seed raised beds with uncleaned fruit immediately (1 to 2 days) after harvest.
Harvesting, Storage and Shipping: SEED MATURITY DATE: October - December. Subglobose cones, which are pale green turning dark blue at maturity, ripen in the first year.

STORAGE REQUIREMENTS: 20-40§F at 10%-12% moisture content.

ESTIMATED PROPAGULE STORAGE POTENTIAL: Data unavailable at date of publication.


Skaradek, William. 2001. Propagation protocol for production of Propagules (seeds, cuttings, poles, etc.) Juniperus virginiana seeds USDA NRCS - Cape May Plant Materials Center Cape May Court House, New Jersey. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://NativePlantNetwork.org (accessed 2021/09/19). US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, National Center for Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources.

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